Attitudes of Saudi nursing Students on AIDs and Predictors of willingness to provide care for patients in Central Saudi Arabia

  • Mostafa A Abolfotouh King Abdullah International Medical Research Center (KAIMRC), King Saud bin-Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • Samar A. A Al Saleh
  • Aisha A Mahfouz
  • Sherif M Abolfotouh
  • Haya M Al Fozan College of Nursing, King Saud bin-Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: AIDs, Nursing Students, Saudi, Knowledge, attitude

Abstract

Objectives. This study aimed to assess HIV-related knowledge, attitudes and risk perception among Saudi nursing students, and to identify predictors of their willingness to provide care for patients with AIDS.

Methods A cross sectional study of 260 baccalaureate nursing students at King Saud bin-Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia was done using  a previously validated instrument. 

Results. Students’ knowledge percentage mean score (PMS) on HIV/AIDS was 72.93±10.67 reflecting an average level of knowledge. There were many misconceptions about how HIV is transmitted, e.g. use of same toilets and bathrooms and washing clothes together (24.9%), swimming (53.7%) and coughing and sneezing (49.6%). Nursing students reported an overall negative attitude towards AIDS, with a PMS of 43.48±9.21. The majority of students agreed that AIDs patients should be isolated from other patients (83%), and should not share the room with other non-infected patients (81.8%), and some reported that PLWA deserve what has happened to them (24.7%). After controlling for confounders, students’ poor knowledge and negative attitude were associated only with having never been given nursing education as their primary high education (p=0.012 & p=0.01 respectively).  

Conclusion. These findings have implications for development of teaching strategies and curricular approaches for nursing to address this health care issue. 

Author Biographies

Mostafa A Abolfotouh, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center (KAIMRC), King Saud bin-Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Professor and Head Section of Biobanking - King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Saud bin-Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Haya M Al Fozan, College of Nursing, King Saud bin-Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Dean of College of Nursing, King Saud bin-Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

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Published
2014-03-03
Section
Community Health Nursing