Predictors of the decision to retire among nurses in Spain

  • Ronald Burke York University
  • Simon Landau Dolan Future of Work Chair ESADE Business School Ramon Llull University
  • Lisa Fiksenbaum York University
Keywords: decision to retire, job conditions, stress & Burnout

Abstract

Background: Nurses typically retire in their late 50s and since nursing shortages exist in most countries understanding nursing staff decisions to retire might open up possibilities of encouraging and supporting them to remain in the workforce longer.

Objective: This study examines potential predictors of retirement intentions amongst nurses working in Spain.

Population: All registered nurses in Spain with 50 years old or more.

Methods: Survey. Data were collected with the collaboration of the regional nursing associations in Spain using anonymous online questionnaires employed to nursing staff (n=497) for those  who are 50 years or older.

Results: Nurses indicated their interest in retiring, their planning for retirement, and their expectations for retiring. Results show that retirement intentions were higher in nursing staff that were older, experienced higher levels of burnout, indicated poorer levels of self-reported health, and reported greater job demands and more negative work attitudes (less affective commitment, job involvement, work engagement). The majority of these were “push†factors which are related to dissatisfaction in the workplace.

Conclusion: Organizations can and should create age-friendly workplaces enabling them to cope with the nursing shortage and workplaces can be changed to better accommodate the needs  and expectations of older employees.

Author Biographies

Ronald Burke, York University
Prof. Burke is Professor Emeritus
Simon Landau Dolan, Future of Work Chair ESADE Business School Ramon Llull University
Prof. Dolan is the holder of the Future of Work Chair in ESADE Business School in Barcelona.  He is a Full professor of HRM and Work Psychology at the Ramon Llull University
Lisa Fiksenbaum, York University

Doctoral Candidate

Dept. of Psychology

York University

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Published
2013-06-12
Section
Mental Health Nursing