Effectiveness of the information booklet on the level of knowledge of the caregivers towards care of children with autism in the outpatient and inpatient of the child psychiatric centre at NIMHANS

  • M Vijayarani ESIC college of Nursing
Keywords: autism, knowledge, information booklet

Abstract

Despite the growing incidence of autism, there is very little awareness on this developmental disability affecting 3-4 children in every 1,000 born in India today. Aim: 1. To prepare the information booklet on care of children with autism for the caregivers.2.To evaluate the effectiveness of the information booklet on the level of knowledge of the caregivers in the care of child with autism. Methodology: study was carried out by among 30 caregivers who were attending the inpatient and outpatient of child psychiatric centre, NIMHANS. A quasi experimental design with single group pretest - post test was used. A purposive sampling was used to select the caregivers. Instruments such as Socio demographic schedule, Knowledge questionnaire on care of children with autism which was prepared by the investigator was used to assess the changes in the level of knowledge among the caregivers before and after the administration of the information booklet. Knowledge questionnaire consisted of five dimensions: concept of autism, signs and symptoms, causes and common problems, assessment, diagnosis and intervention and handling common behaviour problems at home. After the pre-test the caregivers were given the information booklet. The post-test was conducted on the seventh day of administration of the information booklet. Analysis: Paired‘t’ test was used to find out the effectiveness of the information booklet on the level of knowledge and opinion. Chi-square test was used to find out the association of knowledge with selected socio demographic characteristics. Pearson correlation was used to find out the correlation between the knowledge of the caregivers of children with autism.

Results: Findings revealed that, there was significant difference in the pre and post test scores on various dimension of knowledge questionnaire demonstrated the effectiveness of the information booklet. It was found that the post-test knowledge score was having statistically significant association with three socio demographic variables. 

Author Biography

M Vijayarani, ESIC college of Nursing
mental health and nursing

References

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Published
2014-03-08
Section
Mental Health Nursing